CSS Guide Part 5 – Everything You Need To Know To Make HTML Text Stylish Using CSSPosted by TotalDC
This is a part 5 of our CSS basics series and in this article you will learn everything you need to know to make HTML text stylish using CSS. With CSS you can change the size and shape of the text with a range of properties. Let’s talk about that.
Font-family specifies font itself like Times New Roman, Arial or Verdana.
Users browser has to find the font you specify which in most cases means it needs to be on their computer so there is no point in using obscure fonts that are only on your computer. There are a select few safe fonts (the most used are Arial, Verdana and Times New Roman), but you can specify more than one font by separating them with commas. Purpose of this is that if the user does not have the first font you specified, than browser will go through the list until it finds one user have. This is useful because different computers sometimes have different fonts installed. Actually you can use wider selection than the safe fonts using several methods like importing fonts from google fonts, but if for the beginning to learn CSS you should not worry about that just yet.
Font-size changes the size of the font. Worth noticing that text like headings should use HTML tags. Do not simply apply bigger font size to paragraph and call it a header.
Font-weight is commonly used as font-weight: bold or font-weight: normal. Other values are bolder, lighter or you can use numeric expressions like 100, 200, 300, 400 (normal), 500, 600, 700 (bold), 800 and 900.
Font-style states whether the text is italic or not. It can be written like font-style: italic or font-style: normal.
Text-decoration states whether the text is underlined, overlined or crossed.
text-decoration: underline, does what you would expect.
text-decoration: overlineplaces a line above the text.
text-decoration: line-throughputs a line through the text.
Text-transform will change the case of the text.
text-transform: capitalizeturns the first letter of every word into uppercase.
text-transform: uppercaseturns everything into uppercase.
text-transform: lowercaseturns everything into lowercase.
text-transform: noneI’ll leave for you to work out.
Another thing you have to know is text spacing. The letter-spacing and word-spacing are for spacing between letters and words. The value can be length or just set to normal.
The line-height property sets the height of the lines in an element such as paragraph. Font size stays the same. It can be number, length, percentage or normal.
The text-align property will align the text inside an element to the left, right, center or justify.
The text-indent property will indent the first line of paragraph to a given length or percentage.